Armed Forces Movement / Movimento das Forças Armadas

   (MFA)
   The organization of career military who overthrew the Estado Novo in a virtually bloodless military coup or pronunciamento generating the Revolution of 25 April 1974. This organization began as a clandestine group of junior career officers, largely from the army, but later including air force and navy officers, who had a series of secret meetings in Évora and other cities beginning in the summer and fall of 1973. The general grievances of these officers, who tended to be junior officers in their thirties and forties with the ranks of lieutenant, captain, and major, centered on the colonial wars in Portugal's African Empire. By 1973, these conflicts were more than a decade old, and in two of the wars, namely Guinea- Bissau and Mozambique, the Portuguese forces were taking heavy losses and losing ground. The catalyst for organizing a formal protest at first was not political but professional and corporate: a July 1973 law passed by the Marcello Caetano government that responded to a shortage of officer candidates in the African wars by lowering the professional qualifications for officer candidates for militia officers, something deeply resented by the career officers. The MFA organized the military coup of 1974 that met little resistance.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Movimento das Forças Armadas — The Movement of the Armed Forces (Movimento das Forças Armadas MFA) was an organisation of lower ranked left leaning officers in the Portuguese Armed Forces which was responsible for the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974, a military coup in… …   Wikipedia

  • Portugal — /pawr cheuh geuhl, pohr /; Port. /pawrdd too gahl /, n. a republic in SW Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula, W of Spain. (Including the Azores and the Madeira Islands) 9,867,654; 35,414 sq. mi. (91,720 sq. km). Cap.: Lisbon. * * * Portugal… …   Universalium

  • Portuguese transition to democracy — Portugal s experience with democracy before the Carnation Revolution of 1974 had not been particularly successful. Its First Republic lasted only sixteen years, from 1910 to 1926. Under the republic, parliamentary institutions worked poorly and… …   Wikipedia

  • Mozambican Civil War — Part of the Cold War Date 1977 1992 Location Mozambique Result Peace tr …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of the Carnation Revolution — Combatants Main MFA forcesMain Movimento das Forças Armadas (MFA, Movement of Armed Forces ) forces: * 1st Engineer Regiment: RE 1 ( Regimento de Engenharia Nº 1 ), Lisbon * Military Administration School: EPAM ( Escola Prática de Administração… …   Wikipedia

  • Portuguese Colonial War — Portuguese troops embarking to go to the Colonial War Date 1961–1974 …   Wikipedia

  • Marcelo Caetano — This name uses Portuguese naming customs. The first or maternal family name is Neves and the second or paternal family name is Alves Caetano. Marcelo Caetano …   Wikipedia

  • Estado Novo (Portugal) — Portuguese Republic República Portuguesa ← …   Wikipedia

  • Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho — Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho. Otelo Nuno Romão Saraiva de Carvalho, GCL (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɔˈtɛlu sɐˈɾajvɐ dɨ kɐɾˈvaʎu]) (Lourenço Marques, Portuguese East Africa, August 31, 1936 ), formerly a Portuguese military officer, was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Angolan War of Independence — Infobox Military Conflict caption= Portuguese troops on patrol in Angola conflict= Angolan War of Independence partof=The Portuguese Colonial Wars date=February 4, 1961 1974cite book|last=Rothchild|first=Donald S.|year=1997|title=Managing Ethnic… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.